Note: instead of providing a bibliography for every post on the Steinheil Affair, here’s a running bibliography that I’ll update with new citations as necessary.

All the newspaper articles are available from the Bibliothèque nationale on Gallica

On the Steinheil Affair:

Darmon, Pierre. Marguerite Steinheil, ingénue criminelle? Paris: Perrin, 1996.

Lanoux, Armand, Madame Steinheil, ou, “la connaissance du président.” Paris: Bernard Grasset, 1983.

Martin, Benjamin. The Hypocrisy of Justice in the Belle Epoque. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1984.

On the cultural context:

Adut, Ari. On Scandal: Moral Disturbances in Society, Politics, and Art. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2008.

Berenson, Edward. The Trial of Madame Caillaux. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1992.

Boltanski, Luc, ed. Affaires, scandales et grandes causes: De Socrate à Pinochet. Paris: Stock, 2007.

Boltanski, Luc. Mysteries and Conspiracies: Detective Stories, Spy Novels and the Making of Modern Sciences. Translated by Catherine Porter. Cambridge: Polity Press, 2014.

Cannon, James. The Paris Zone: A Cultural History, 1840-1944. Farnham: Ashgate, 2015.

Charle, Christophe. Le Siècle de la presse, 1830-1939. Paris: Seuil, 2004.

Ginzburg, Carlo and Anna Davin. “Morelli, Freud and Sherlock Holmes: Clues and Scientific Method.” History Workshop 9 (Spring 1980): 5-36.

Kalifa, Dominique, L’Encre et le sang: Récit de crimes et société à la belle époque. France: Fayard, 1995.

Kalifa, Dominique et al., eds. La Civilisation du journal: Histoire culturelle et littéraire de la presse française au XIXe siècle. Paris: Nouveau monde éd., 2011.

Kalifa, Dominique. Les Bas-fonds: Histoire d’un imaginaire. Paris: Seuil, 2013.

Martin, Benjamin. Crime and Criminal Justice under the Third Republic: The Shame of Marianne. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1990.

Perrot, Michelle. “Dans la France de la Belle Époque, les ‘apaches,’ premières bandes de jeunes.” In Les Marginaux et les et les exclus dans l’histoire, ed. Bernard Vincent, 387-407. Paris: Inédit, 1977.

Plott, Michele. “The Rules of the Game: Respectability, Sexuality, and the Femme Mondaine in Late-Nineteenth-Century Paris.” French Historical Studies 25, no. 3 (July 2002): 531–56.

Rifelj, Carol. Coiffures: Hair in Nineteenth-Century French Literature and Culture. Newark: University of Delaware Press, 2010.

Roberts, Mary Louise. Disruptive Acts: The New Woman in Fin-de-Siècle France. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2002.

Tools and methods for text analysis:


Our GitHub repository



Voyant Tools

Steven Bird, Ewan Klein, and Edward Loper, Natural Language Processing with Python: Analyzing Text with the Natural Language Toolkit

On k-means clustering

Dennis Tennen, “Blunt Instrumentalism: On Tools and Methods,” Debates in the Digital Humanities, 2016

Ben Schmidt, “Machine Learning on the High Seas,” Sapping Attention

Ying Zheng, “K-means Algorithm Demo

On tf-idf

Liz Rush, “TF-IDF, ” 5 Algorithms Every Web Developer Can Use and Understand

Julia Silge and David Robinson, “Term Frequency and Inverse Document Frequency (tf-idf) Using Tidy Data Principles

On topic modeling

Miriam Posner, “Very basic strategies for interpreting results from the Topic Modeling Tool,” Miriam Posner’s Blog

David Blei, “Probabilistic Topic Models,” Communications of the ACM, 2012

Benjamin Schmidt, “Words Alone: Dismantling Topic Models in the Humanities,” Journal of Digital Humanities, 2012

Brandon Walsh and Sarah Horowitz, “Topic Modeling,” Introduction to Text Analysis: A Coursebook

Ted Underwood, “Topic modeling made just simple enough,”

Megan R. Brett, “Topic Modeling: A Basic Introduction,” Journal of Digital Humanities, 2012

David Mimno, “Topic Modeling Workshop


Many thanks to Mackenzie Brooks, Paul Youngman, Jason Mickel at Washington and Lee University. This project was made possible by two Mellon Digital Humanities grants in Summer 2016 and Summer 2017. We were lucky to be able to go to Illiads in the Summer of 2016 and consult with Lauren Tilton, Taylor Arnold and Megan Kudzia about this project. We are also grateful to Matt Erlin and Steve Pentecost for access to their topic modeling interface.